How to distinguish between flame retardant and fire resistance of cables?

Update:17-08-2018
Summary:

Some electrical designers have unclear the concept of f […]

Some electrical designers have unclear the concept of flame-retardant cables and fire-resistant cables, and do not understand the structure and characteristics of the two, resulting in the inability to properly design and select these two cables according to the power supply requirements, and design agents or supervision work on site. The installation of these two cables cannot be properly guided.

1. What is a flame retardant cable?

Its fundamental characteristic is that it may be burned out in the event of a fire and cannot operate, but it can prevent the spread of fire. In layman's terms, if the cable is in a fire, it can limit the combustion to a local extent, spread without spreading, and keep other equipment to avoid further losses.

2. Structural characteristics of flame retardant cable

The structure of the flame-retardant cable is basically the same as that of the ordinary cable, except that its insulating layer, sheath, outer sheath and auxiliary materials (packing and filling) are all or partially made of flame retardant material.

3. What is the fire resistant cable?

Its fundamental characteristic is that the cable can still maintain the normal operation of the line for a period of time under burning conditions. In layman's terms, in the event of a fire, the cable will not burn at a time, and the circuit is safer.

4. Structural characteristics of fire resistant cable

The structure of the fire resistant cable is basically the same as that of the ordinary cable, except that the conductor of the fire resistant cable is made of a copper conductor having a good fire resistance (the melting point of copper is 1 083 ℃, and a refractory layer is added between the conductor and the insulating layer. The refractory layer is wrapped by a multi-layer mica tape. Because the allowable operating temperature difference between different mica tapes is large, the key to the fire resistance of the cable is the mica tape.

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